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Common Types of Skin Diseases
Skin diseases range from mild to severe, affecting millions of people worldwide. It’s essential to seek a qualified dermatologist’s advice for accurate diagnosis and treatment, as skin diseases can vary widely in appearance and causes. Early intervention and proper management significantly improve outcomes and help maintain healthy skin.
Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis):
Eczema can’t be cured, but can be managed by moisturizing, avoiding irritants, using corticosteroids, and identifying triggers.
Psoriasis causes skin patches. Genetics and the environment contribute to it. Treatment includes creams, phototherapy, and medication.
Treat acne with topical retinoids, antibiotics, hormonal therapy (for females), and diet/skincare.
What Patients Says?
Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the skin cells’ life cycle, causing them to build up rapidly on the surface. This leads to the formation of thick, red, and scaly patches, often accompanied by itching and discomfort. The condition can vary in severity, with some people experiencing mild symptoms while others may have more widespread and severe involvement. Although the exact cause is not fully understood, genetics and immune system dysfunction play a significant role. Treatment options include topical creams, phototherapy, systemic medications, and lifestyle changes.
Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)
Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a common inflammatory skin disease that affects both children and adults. It is characterized by red, itchy, and inflamed skin patches. The condition is believed to result from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Triggers such as allergens, irritants, and stress can exacerbate symptoms. Moisturizers, topical corticosteroids, antihistamines, and lifestyle adjustments are typically employed to manage eczema and reduce flare-ups.
It’s important to note that these are just a few examples of major skin diseases, and there are many other conditions that dermatologists may diagnose and treat. If you or someone you know is experiencing persistent skin issues, seeking professional medical advice is crucial for accurate diagnosis and appropriate management.
Acne is a prevalent skin disorder that affects the hair follicles and sebaceous glands, leading to clogged pores and the formation of various lesions, including whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, and cysts. Hormonal changes, excess sebum production, bacteria, and inflammation contribute to acne development. While it commonly occurs during adolescence, it can persist into adulthood. Treatment approaches include topical retinoids, antibiotics, hormonal therapy (for females), and lifestyle modifications.
Dermatitis (Contact Dermatitis)
Contact dermatitis is a type of skin inflammation that occurs when the skin comes into contact with irritants or allergens. It can manifest as red, itchy, and swollen skin that may develop blisters or crusts. There are two main types: irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis. The former is caused by direct irritation from substances like detergents or chemicals, while the latter results from an allergic reaction to specific allergens, such as certain metals or plants. Avoiding triggers and using topical corticosteroids or antihistamines can alleviate symptoms.
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